Judge William H. Alsup of the northern district of California. He’s a particularly interesting person, because he has a clue about programming. He taught himself, decades ago, for hobby.
And my goodness does it come in handy nowadays. I found the (long) interview an interesting read. The difference between artistic work and functional matter is highly relevant, but difficult to discern for someone without a clue about coding (most lawyers, judges and juries).
I also noted his middle name is Haskell, whereas he does his pretty nifty programming in QuickBASIC.
Most companies choose their customers. Some merely do so as a side-effect of their cost structure and the priorities their sales people apply, other (particularly service-oriented) companies might review during the initial contact whether their way of working suits the structure of the potential client.
Some also choose on the basis of their beliefs.
Cloudflare posted an article after dropping the daily stormer as a client, explaining the trigger reason, their process, and the overall issues with considering such things. It’s very thoughtful.
Cory Doctor writes:
It’s impossible to overstate how bonkers the idea of sabotaging cryptography is to people who understand information security. If you want to secure your sensitive data either at rest – on your hard drive, in the cloud, on that phone you left on the train last week and never saw again – or on the wire, when you’re sending it to your doctor or your bank or to your work colleagues, you have to use good cryptography. Use deliberately compromised cryptography, that has a back door that only the “good guys” are supposed to have the keys to, and you have effectively no security. You might as well sky-write it as encrypt it with pre-broken, sabotaged encryption.
P.S. I should note that the King Canute reference in the title is wrong. King Canute explicitly set out to demonstrate to his people that he wasn’t all-powerful. He was wise. Theresa May is not King Canute.
In copyright infringement cases related to DVDs and such, right holders generally claim their loss equal to the number of copies and on that basis they quote huge figures.
There is an interesting recent (December 2016) court case of the Australian company selling the Burquini (Islamic swim suits) vs a company importing copies pretending to be the branded items. There the court ruled the claim for lost profits unsuccessful on the basis that there was no evidence that any purchaser of an infringing swimsuit would otherwise have purchased the brand product. It was held that merely showing that the company which had sold infringing product of a certain volume did not establish that but for those infringing sales, the rights holder would have sold the same amount of stock.
Isn’t that an interesting precedent? So, acquiring a copy of something does not necessarily imply you otherwise would have purchased an original. The reasons for that may be the price or something else, but nevertheless there is no causality trail there and the court apparently didn’t even want to consider a correlation.
In terms of damages, the issue with DVDs and online media is even more interesting, because the effective cost of production is very close to $0. If fewer bits of clothing get sold, there is a material and production cost there. For a copy of a movie, that is not really the issue. Thus, there is only really cost in terms of the sales process and profit in case of an actual sale.
I am not a lawyer, but I’m putting this out there because I’m interested to see if this judgment will get used in other cases.